Russian: feminine form of the Greek male name Anastasios (a derivative of anastasis ‘resurrection’). It has always been popular in Eastern Europe, in honour of a 4th-century saint who was martyred at Sirmium in Dalmatia. It was also used occasionally in England in the Middle Ages and as late as the 17th century; more recently it has made a considerable comeback. One of the daughters of the last tsar of Russia bore this name. She was murdered by the Bolsheviks in 1918, along with the rest of her family, but in 1920 a woman claiming to be the Romanov princess Anastasia came to public notice in Germany, and a film was later based on this story (1956).