Transferred use of the surname, recorded as a given name from the 17th century. There are several places (e.g. in Glos., Herefords., and Yorks.) so named, from Old English clif ‘cliff, slope, riverbank’ + ford ‘ford’.
French and English: from the Old French personal name Jacques, the usual French form of Latin Jacobus (see Jacob). The English surname is either a late introduction from France or a Frenchification of Jakes. In English this surname is traditionally pronounced as two syllables, jay-kwez.