Transferred use of the surname, which originated in the Middle Ages as a nickname for someone who was ‘courteous’ (Old French curteis). At an early date, however, it came to be associated with Middle English curt ‘short’ + hose ‘leggings’ compare Courtney.
English: apparently a habitational name from a lost or unidentified place. Only two bearers of the surname, both female, were recorded in the 1881 British Census, and it now appears to be extinct in the British Isles. In the U.S. it is concentrated in NC, where it is common, and also in TN.