Indian (Maharashtra, Karnataka): Hindu (usually Brahman) name, from Marathi kuḷkərṇi ‘village clerk’ (from Sanskrit kula ‘family’, ‘community’ + karaṇa ‘writer’ or karṇī ‘helmsman’). The kulkarni was a village official under the patel or village headman; he kept the accounts of the cultivators for the government and also the public records. The office of kulkarni was hereditary. As a rule, a Brahman was appointed to this office. He received some land rent free and was paid an annual salary.