Biblical name (meaning ‘God is with us’ in Hebrew) used for the promised Messiah, as prophesied by Isaiah (7:14; referred to in Matthew 1:23). The Authorized Version of the Bible uses the Hebrew form Immanuel in the Old Testament, Emmanuel in the New.
German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname from Middle High German schillinc, Middle Low German schillink, German Schilling ‘shilling’. The German surname may have referred originally to a rent or fee owed, or have some other anecdotal origin, now irrecoverable. The Jewish surname is mainly ornamental.