Chinese 毛: from the name of an area called Mao, in present-day Henan province, during the Zhou dynasty (1122– 221 BC. Bo Dan, the ninth son of Wen Wang, was granted this following the establishment of the Zhou dynasty in 1122 BC). In due course his descendants adopted the place name Mao as their surname. This character also means ‘hair’ or ‘feather’. This was the family name of Mao Zedong (1893–1976), the Chinese Communist Party chairman.