Mainly U.S.: recent coinage, combining the short form Jo with the productive suffix -lene, extracted from names such as Marlene. It seems to have originated in the United States in the 1940s. It was made famous by a hit song with this title, recorded by Dolly Parton in 1979.
English and Scottish: occupational name for a tailor, from Old French tailleur (Late Latin taliator, from taliare ‘to cut’). The surname is extremely common in Britain and Ireland, and its numbers have been swelled by its adoption as an Americanized form of the numerous equivalent European names, most of which are also very common among Ashkenazic Jews, for example Schneider, Szabó, and Portnov.