(French) feminine form of Michel, the French form of Michael. This name is now also used extensively in the English-speaking world. It was popular in the 1970s and 80s, possibly influenced in part by a Beatles song with this name as its title (1966).
Czech (Dvořák): status name for a rich farmer, one who owned a manor house, from Czech dvůr ‘manor’, ‘estate’, or in some cases an occupational name for someone who worked at a manor house rather than on the land. Compare Sedlak. In Moravia the term denoted a freeholder subject only to the king. This is the fourth most common surname in the Czech lands.