Muslim: 1. from a personal name based on Arabic ῾alam ‘emblem’, ‘banner’, hence an epithet for a distinguished man. ῾Alam-al-Huda (‘banner of guidance’) is an honorific title of the Prophet Muhammad. ῾Alam is generally found in names in combination with other words. 2. from a personal name based on Arabic ῾ālam, literally ‘world’. ῾Ālamgir (in combination with the Persian word gir ‘conqueror’) was a title of the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb (1618–1707), who ruled the Indian subcontinent from 1658 to 1707. This name is found in a variety of compounds, which are popular in the subcontinent, for example Badrul-῾῾Ālam ‘full moon of the world’.