Mainly U.S.: medieval vernacular form of Randolf. This was in common use as a given name into the 17th century and gave rise to a surname. In modern use the given name is often a transferred use of this surname.
English: habitational name from any of various places called Houghton. Nearly all, including those in Cheshire, County Durham, Lancashire, Northumberland, Shropshire, and Staffordshire, are named from Old English halh ‘nook’, ‘recess’ + tūn ‘enclosure’, ‘settlement’; however, in the case of one in Nottinghamshire, the first element is Old English hōh ‘spur of a hill’ (literally ‘heel’).