Short form of Samuel (or, less frequently, of Samson), and of Samantha, now also used as an independent given name, especially for boys. It is also found as a short form of the Arabic names Samīr and Samīra.
English, German, and Jewish (Ashkenazic): from the Middle English, German, or Yiddish elements gold + ring. As an English or German surname it is most probably a nickname for someone who wore a gold ring. As a Jewish surname it is generally an ornamental name.