Pet form, originally Scottish, of Alexander and Alexandra. As a girl's name, particularly, it is sometimes used independently, especially in the United States. It is also used as a nickname for someone with a crop of ‘sandy’ (light reddish-brown) hair.
North German, Dutch, and Danish: topographic name or status name for the owner of a farm, or occupational name for someone who worked on the main farm in a community, from Middle High and Low German hof ‘farmstead’, ‘manor farm’, or habitational name from any of the many places named with this word. Compare Hofer.