Sanskrit: ‘dawn’, personified as the daughter of heaven, the sister of the solar gods and of night, the wife of the god Rudra; said to be very beautiful, the friend of men, the bringer of wealth, and always young although she makes men grow old.
Muslim: from the Persian royal title Shāh ‘king’, ‘emperor’. This was the title adopted by the kings of the Pahlavi dynasty (1925–79). Shāh is found in combination with other words, e.g. Shāh Jahan (name of a Mughal emperor, ruled 1628–57) and Shāh ῾ālam ‘king of the world’ (name of a Mughal emperor, ruled 1707–12). This name is widespread in Iran and the subcontinent.