German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): 1. one of the many occupational names for a cooper or barrel maker, German (Fass)binder, an agent derivative of binden ‘to bind’. Less often the same word was used to denote a bookbinder. The surname is found principally in southern Germany and Switzerland, but also in Denmark and Slovenia. Compare Boettcher, Buettner, and Schaeffler. 2. German: variant of Bunde 2.